Jacob Sherkow, 13 April 2016, Nature http://www.nature.com/news/crispr-pursuit-of-profit-poisons-collaboration-1.19717
Before the Bayh-Dole Act of 1980 all inventions developed through the use of federal grants where the property of the federal government. The passing of the Bayh-Dole act allowed public universities, small businesses, or other non-profits to patent inventions developed with federal funding. Initially most universities did not actively pursue patents; however this has begun recently begun to change. The most visible effort to acquire intellectual property is the CRISPR/Cas9 dispute between UC-Berkeley and the Broad Institute. In a recent Nature Comment article, Jacob Sherkow explores how the changing patent landscape could impact research and collaboration at America’s universities.